Qui and Que

June 7, 2011 § 1 Comment

Qui and Que are both relative pronouns that mean which / that / who / whom when joining 2 phrases.  Keep in mind that pronouns replace nouns so there is a noun to which they refer.  There was a long grammatical explanation in class, but the Reader’s Digest version of it is …

qui is followed by a verb or verb phrase, and que is followed by a noun.”

Je parle à un employé qui travaille à la poste.

Je parle à l’employé que je connais.

La dame qui travaille ici est très sympathique.

Le magasin que vous cherchez est à deux rues d’ici.

J’ai lu la lettre qui est sur la table.

Aujourd’hui j’ai reçu une carte postale qui est très jolie.

Le facteur m’a donné les lettres que Martin m’a envoyées.

*keep in mind that when the direct object comes before the past participle (those awful rules about the past participles), that the past participle matches the direct object in number and gender – add an e if the direct object is feminine, add an s if the direct object is plural.*

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