Vivre, Suivre, and Similar Verbs

January 17, 2012 § Leave a comment

Suivre – to follow

je suis nous suivons
tu suis vous suivez
il suit ils suivent

past participle – suivi
future stem – suivr

Vivre – to live

je vis nous vivons
tu vis vous vivez
il vit ils vivent

past participle – vecu
future stem – vivr

Suivre un cours – to take a course.  You can also suivre a course of study.
Poursuivre – to pursue, to continue, to strive toward, can also be used in the legal sense – to sue or to prosecute

Vivre means to live, to be alive, or a manner of living while habiter is used more to express living at a location.

Mon amie Jennifer habite en France.
Vous habitez rue Mouffetarde?
J’habite ici depuis 1980.

With vivre one can

vivre en paix
vivre longtemps
vivre dans le luxe
vivre dans le péché
vivre à 95 ans

Other vivre phrases
Elle a beaucoup vecu. She’s had quite a life.
Une rue qui vit la nuit. A street that comes alive at night.
Il fait bon vivre ici. It’s good to live here. or Life is good here.
être facile / difficile à vivre – to be easy or hard to live with

Verbs similar to vivre and suivre

to survive – survivre
to pursue – poursuivre

Uire Verbs

July 22, 2011 § Leave a comment

This is a group of verbs that are all conjugated in the same pattern.

Conduire – to drive

je conduis nous conduisons
tu conduis vous conduisez
il conduit ils conduisent

 past participle is conduit

future stem is conduir

verbs conjugated like conduire

to destroy – détruire

to construct – construire

to reduce – réduire

to instruct, to inform – instruire

to translate – traduire

to seduce – séduire

l’Imparfait

June 8, 2011 § Leave a comment

We’ll start out with the uses of the imparfait. The imparfait is used to express habitual, repeated actions or to describe an emotional or physical state in the past. It can also be used to describe a situation interrupted by a precise action. Usually the time of the imparfait action or condition is vague or implied.

Here are some cues that would imply that the tense needed is l’imparfait.

a. certain word clues –
de temps en temps – from time to time
fréquemment – frequently
souvent – often
toujours – always
tous les jours – every day
tous les mois – every month
tous les semaines – every week
le matin, le soir, la nuit – in the morning, in the evening, at night (implies every morning, evening, night)
le lundi, le mardi … le dimanche – on Mondays, on Tuesdays … on Sundays (again implies every Monday, etc.)

b. states of being can be described in l’imparfait
location – Jean habitait Paris.
age – Elle avait 6 ans.
appearance – Sophie était belle.
physical condition – Nous étions fatigués.
emotional state of being – Il était triste.
attitudes – Tu avais envie de dormir.
desires – Il voulait rentrer chez lui.
time – il était dix heures du soir.
weather – il pleuvait

c. verbs that describe mental or emotional states of being in the past often use l’imparfait
aimer
avoir envie de
vouloir
croire
penser
désirer
préférer
savoir
pouvoir

Now for the conjugation of the l’imparfait. These steps apply for all verbs in the imparfait except être. The chart for être will be at the bottom of the page.
1. take the nous form of the verb
2. drop the ‘ons’
3. add the imparfait endings

je parlais nous parlions
tu parlais vous parliez
il parlait ils parlaient

je voulais nous voulions
tu voulais vous vouliez
il voulait ils voulaient

j’étais nous étions
tu étais vous étiez
il était ils étaient

;

* remember with ger verbs and cer verbs that you have to keep the ‘ge’ and the ‘ç’ in the nous form

nous mangeons, nous nageons – je mangeais, je nageais

nous commençons – je commençais

* last thing – for a few irregular impersonal verbs

il faut (it is necessary) changes to il fallait (it was necessary)

il pleut (it’s raining) changes to il pleuvait (it was raining)

il vaut (it’s worth) changes to il vallait (it was worth)

Past Participles of Irregular Verbs

May 13, 2011 § Leave a comment

Past Participles of Irregular Verbs

être – été
avoir – eu
mettre – mis
promettre – promis
faire – fait
voir – vu
boire – bu
croire – cru
vouloir – voulu
pouvoir – pu
devoir – dû
prendre – pris
comprendre – compris
savoir – su
connaître – connu
lire – lu
dire – dit
écrire – écrit
venir – venu
tenir – tenu
obtenir – obtenu
courir – couru
ouvrir – ouvert
couvrir – couvert
offrir – offert
conduire – conduit
construire – construit
vivre – vecu
courir – couru

Examples

nous avons vu – we saw
il a dit – he said
I had – j’ai eu
you promised – tu as promis
they took – ils ont pris
Did you understand? – Est-ce que vous avez compris? or Avez-vous compris?

YER verbs – treat like plain old ER verbs in passé composé – no y to i changes In passé composé, only in present tense.
Stem changer verbs (acheter, préférer, jeter, mener, etc.) treat like plain old ER verbs in passé composé – no stem changes in passé composé, only in present tense.

Dormir, sortir, partir, etc. treat as regular IR verbs in passé composé.

 

“Déjeuner du Matin”  by Jacques Prévert

Il a mis le café

Dans la tasse

Il a mis le lait

Dans la tasse de café

Il a mis le sucre

Dans le café au lait

Avec la petite cuiller

Il a tourné

Il a bu le café au lait

Et il a reposé la tasse

Sans me parler

Il a allumé

Une cigarette

Il a fait des ronds

Avec la fumée

Il a mis les cendres

Dans le cendrier

Sans me parler

Sans me regarder

Il s’est levé

Il a mis

Son chapeau sur sa tête

Il a mis son manteau de pluie

Parce qu’il pleuvait

Et il est parti

Sous la pluie

Sans une parole

Sans me regarder

Et moi j’ai pris

Ma tête dans ma main

Et j’ai pleuré.

Passé Composé (Part 2)

May 13, 2011 § Leave a comment

okey dokey – part 2. Passé composé with être. This is done like the passé composé with avoir, except for an extra step at the end.

1. Conjugate être to match the subject

2. Plug in the past participle

3. Add an ‘e’ or an ‘s’ to the past participle to make it match the gender and # of the subject

The verbs

verb past participle
monter monté
retourner retourné
sortir sorti
revenir revenu
devenir devenu
venir venu
aller allé
naître
descendre descendu
entrer entré
rentrer rentré
tomber tombé
rester resté
arriver arrivé
mourir mort
passer passé
partir parti

Okay – now to practice. Let’s go with ‘aller’ in past tense for example #1

je suis allé (m),  je suis allée (fem) I went, I did go, I have gone
tu es allé (m), tu es allée (fem) you went, you did go, you have gone
il est allé he went, he did go, he has gone
elle est allée she went, she did go, she has gone
nous sommes allés (m), nous sommes allées (fem) we went, we did go, we have gone
vous êtes allé (masc sing), vous êtes allée (fem, sing),  vous êtes allés (masc pl),   vous êtes allées (fem pl) you went, you did go, you have gone
ils sont allés they went, they did go, they have gone
elles sont allées they went, they did go, they have gone

 

Now for example #2,  “mourir” in past tense

je suis mort (m),  je suis morte (fem) I died, I have died, I did die
tu es mort (m), tu es morte (fem) you died, you have died, you did die
il est mort he died, he has died, he did die
elle est morte she died, she has died, she did die
nous sommes morts (m), nous sommes mortes (fem) we died, we have died, we did die
vous êtes mort (masc sing), vous êtes morte (fem sing), vous êtes morts (masc plural), vous êtes mortes (fem plural) you died, you have died,  you did die
ils sont morts they died, they have died, they did die
ells sont mortes they died, they have died, they did die

 

Passé Composé

May 13, 2011 § Leave a comment

Okey dokey – here we are in one big old swoop. All of the passé composé. The passé composé is used to refer to something that happened in the past. It did happen, it happened, or it has happened. Anything else and it’s a different tense.

The passé composé has two parts – an auxiliary verb and the past participle. To make this happen, you need to

1. conjugate the auxiliary verb (avoir or être)

2. plug in the past participle

a. for regular ER verbs – drop the ‘er’, add ‘é’ – parler becomes parlé

b. for regular IR verbs – drop the ‘r’ – finir becomes fini

c. for regular RE verbs – drop the ‘re’, add ‘u’ – vendre becomes vendu

d. irregular verbs – memorize them!!!

passé composé with avoir

ER –

j’ai dansé – I danced, I have danced, I did dance

tu as dansé – you danced, you have danced, you did dance

il a dansé – he danced, he has danced, he did dance

nous avons dansé – we danced, we have danced, we did dance

vous avez dansé – you danced, you have danced, you did dance

ils ont dansé – they danced, they have danced, they did dance

IR –

j’ai fini – I have finished, I did finish, I finished

tu as fini – you have finished, you did finish, you finished

il a fini – he has finished, he did finish, he finished

nous avons fini – we have finished, we did finish, we finished

vous avez fini – you have finished, you did finish, you finished

ils ont fini – they have finished, they did finish, they finished

RE –

j’ai vendu – I sold, I did sell, I have sold

tu as vendu – you sold, you did sell, you have sold

il a vendu – he sold, he did sell, he has sold

nous avons vendu – we sold, we did sell, we have sold

vous avez vendu – you sold, you did sell, you have sold

ils ont vendu – they sold, they did sell, they have sold

IRREG – (just an example, I’ll give you the list of irregular past participles separately)

example for mettre – past participle is ‘mis’

j’ai mis – I put, I did put, I have put

tu as mis – you put, you did put, you have put

il a mis – he put, he did put, he has put

nous avons mis – we put, we did put, we have put

vous avez mis – you put, you did put, you have put

ils ont mis – they put, they did put, they have put

*the passé composé with être will be in next posting*

Aller – to go

May 11, 2011 § Leave a comment

Aller means to go.

je vais – I’m going, I do go, I go
tu vas – you’re going, you do go, you go
il va – he is going, he does go, he goes
elle va – she is going, she does go, she goes

nous allons – we are going, we do go, we go
vous allez – you are going, you do go, you go
ils vont – they are going, they do go, they go
elles vont – they are going, they do go, they go

Je vais au parc. I’m going to the park.
Fred va à la plage. Fred is going to the beach.
Nous allons à l’école. We are going to the school.

Aller can also be used with other verbs – to state that one is going to do something

Nous allons chanter. We’re going to sing.
Je vais nager – I’m going to swim.
Est-ce que tu vas étudier? – Are you going to study?

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