Passé Composé (Part 2)

May 13, 2011 § Leave a comment

okey dokey – part 2. Passé composé with être. This is done like the passé composé with avoir, except for an extra step at the end.

1. Conjugate être to match the subject

2. Plug in the past participle

3. Add an ‘e’ or an ‘s’ to the past participle to make it match the gender and # of the subject

The verbs

verb past participle
monter monté
retourner retourné
sortir sorti
revenir revenu
devenir devenu
venir venu
aller allé
naître
descendre descendu
entrer entré
rentrer rentré
tomber tombé
rester resté
arriver arrivé
mourir mort
passer passé
partir parti

Okay – now to practice. Let’s go with ‘aller’ in past tense for example #1

je suis allé (m),  je suis allée (fem) I went, I did go, I have gone
tu es allé (m), tu es allée (fem) you went, you did go, you have gone
il est allé he went, he did go, he has gone
elle est allée she went, she did go, she has gone
nous sommes allés (m), nous sommes allées (fem) we went, we did go, we have gone
vous êtes allé (masc sing), vous êtes allée (fem, sing),  vous êtes allés (masc pl),   vous êtes allées (fem pl) you went, you did go, you have gone
ils sont allés they went, they did go, they have gone
elles sont allées they went, they did go, they have gone

 

Now for example #2,  “mourir” in past tense

je suis mort (m),  je suis morte (fem) I died, I have died, I did die
tu es mort (m), tu es morte (fem) you died, you have died, you did die
il est mort he died, he has died, he did die
elle est morte she died, she has died, she did die
nous sommes morts (m), nous sommes mortes (fem) we died, we have died, we did die
vous êtes mort (masc sing), vous êtes morte (fem sing), vous êtes morts (masc plural), vous êtes mortes (fem plural) you died, you have died,  you did die
ils sont morts they died, they have died, they did die
ells sont mortes they died, they have died, they did die

 

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