Comparative and Superlative

April 26, 2011 § Leave a comment

When making comparisons, one is saying that something or someone is more, less, or as (an adjective) as another, or compares how someone does an action, using an adverb.  We use the same construction in French.
The construction is

more adjective or adverb than plus adjective / adverb que
as adjective or adverb as aussi adjective / adverb que
less adjective or adverb than moins adjective / adverb que

 She runs faster (more fast) than Fred.  Elle court plus rapidement que Fred.
You are working as hard as Fred. Tu travailles aussi dur que Fred.
This saleslady is nicer than the other saleslady. Cette vendeuse est plus sympathique que l’autre vendeuse.
Une Volkswagen est moins chère qu’une Porsche.  A VW is less expensive than a Porsche

*good and bad change forms in French like they do in English.

good – bon well – bien
better – meilleur better – mieux
best – le/la meilleur best – le / la mieux
bad – mauvais badly – mal
worse – plus mauvais (pire) worse – plus mal (pire)
worst – le / la plus mauvais (pis) worst – le /la plus mal (pis)

Ils trouvent que le pain français est meilleur que le pain amèricain.
Les fruits et les légumes sont meilleurs pour la santé que les pâtisseries?

One uses the superlative to single out one item from the group and compare it to all the others. One forms the superlative in French by using le, la, or les and plus or moins with the adjective.
Cette robe est la plus jolie de la boutique. This dress is the prettiest of the store.
Robert est le plus intelligent de la classe. Robert is the smartest in the class.
Fred et Oscar sont les plus amusants de tous les élèves. Fred and Oscar are the funniest of all the students.

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