Traveling Grammar and Lequel

July 22, 2011 § Leave a comment

Please excuse the format.  I’m just trying to make sure that I get the info out.

1.  Venir de is in the Enir verbs post in French 1.

2. travelling to a place

a.  to / at / in / around a continent or a feminine country, use EN

b.  to / at / in / around a masculine country, use AU

c.  to / at / in / around a city, use à

d.  to / at / in / around the U.S. or Holland, use AUX   aux Etats-Unis, aux Pays Bas

3.  Methods of Transportation

a.  when using machinery, use ‘en’ – en voiture, en train, en métro, etc.

b.  when self powered, use à – à pied, à bicyclette

4.  Which one??  When one is asking which one, one is referring to an already mentioned noun.  The ‘which one’ has to match the antecedent (already mentioned noun) in gender and number.

masculine singular masculine plural feminine singular feminine plural
lequel lesquels laquelle lesquelles

Uire Verbs

July 22, 2011 § Leave a comment

This is a group of verbs that are all conjugated in the same pattern.

Conduire – to drive

je conduis nous conduisons
tu conduis vous conduisez
il conduit ils conduisent

 past participle is conduit

future stem is conduir

verbs conjugated like conduire

to destroy – détruire

to construct – construire

to reduce – réduire

to instruct, to inform – instruire

to translate – traduire

to seduce – séduire

Recevoir

June 29, 2011 § Leave a comment

Recevoir – to receive

je reçois nous recevons
tu reçois vous recevez
il reçoit ils reçoivent

 past participle is reçu

imparfait stem is recev

future stem is recevr

subjunctive is irregular

IOP and DOP verbs

May 2, 2011 § Leave a comment

This is the beginning of the list – still a work in progress.

Tricky DOP verbs
Regarder – to look AT, to watch
Écouter – to listen TO
Chercher – to look FOR
Attendre – to wait FOR
Appeler – to call
Aider – to help
Soigner – to take care OF
Entendre – to hear
Acheter – to buy
Payer – to pay for

Tricky IOP verbs
Répondre à – to answer
Rendre visite à – to visit a person
Téléphoner à – to telephone (someone or a place)
Acheter à – to buy FOR
Obéir à – to obey
ressembler à – resemble

Verbs that take both IOP and DOP
Apporter something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to bring
Demander something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to ask
Dire something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to tell
Donner something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to give
Emprunter something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to borrow from, but here you use à instead of de
Expliquer something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to explain
Montrer something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to show
Offrir something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to offer
Poser something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to ask
Prêter something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to lend
Promettre something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to promise
Rendre something (DOP) à someone (IOP) – to give back

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